Glossary Sins and Virtues
Sins Against Faith, God and the Church
- Blasphemy — Irreverent use of the Name of God, Jesus, or the saints, through impatience, jest, surprise or habit.
- Heresy — Baptized Christian denying the faith or defending a doctrine opposed to Catholic teaching.
- Idolatry — Worshipping persons or things in the place of God.
- Sacrilege — Irreverence toward consecrated persons, places or objects.
- Superstition — Excessive belief in the supernatural powers of objects or persons or wrongful worship of God by the introduction of false or superfluous elements.
- Cursing — This sin against the second commandment involves calling upon God to inflict evil upon a neighbor.
- Apostate — This is a baptized person who completely rejects the Catholic Faith.
- Indifferentism — This is a form of heresy that asserts that it is of little consequence what people believe, as long as they are 'nice'.
- Infidelity — Pagans, atheists, Moslems, and all who do not believe in the doctrines of Christ are in this state of sin.
- Sacrilege — This sin is committed when someone knowingly receives a sacrament of the living in mortal sin.
- Simony — Buying or selling of spiritual things, such as indulgences or sacred offices for money.
Sins Against Hope
- Despair — This sin is deliberate refusal to hope in God.
- Presumption — Continuing in bad behavior with the intention of repenting before death.
Sins Against Purity
- Adultery — Sexual relationship between a married person and another person who is not his spouse.
- Contraception — Willful perversion of the natural gifts of God for the engendering of children, whereby conception is prevented.
- Fornication — Sin of impurity between two unmarried persons.
- Lust — Sin of impure desires.
Sins Against the Fifth Commandment
- Suicide — Taking of one's own life.
- Euthanasia — Mercy killing or the hastening of one's death for the purpose of ending human suffering.
- Murder — The malicious killing of another human being.
- Cremation — This is the burning rather than burying of a human body after death.
Sins Against the Eighth Commandment
- Hypocrisy — This sin involves false appearances and failing in action to live up to ones beliefs. It is lies in action rather than words.
- Calumny or Slander — Lying about another person and injuring his good name.
- Equivocation — This form of lying involves the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or avoid commitment.
- Malicious lie — Some lies, told in jest or to procure an advantage, do little harm and are venial, but this type of lie is serious sin.
Sins Against Charity
- Usury — Excessive interest charged on loans and use of money.
- Envy — Sadness at another's good fortune or success.
- Scandal — Examples of this sin are setting a poor example, or leading another into sin.
- Avarice — Excessive desire for worldly goods or material wealth.
- Contumely — Use of disrespectful, contemptuous, and insulting language and ridicule to degrade a person.
- Detraction — Gossiping or revealing another's faults to a third person to injure a person's good name
Sins Against Courage
- Sloth — Spiritual, mental or physical laziness which causes a person to neglect his duties.
- Pusillanimity — Smallness of soul which shrinks from honorable actions.
Sins Against Temperance
- Gluttony — Excessive indulgence in food and/or drink.
- Pride — Inordinate self-regard or excessive estimation of one's own worth.
- Anger — Strong, uncontrolled passion of displeasure, sometimes followed by a desire for revenge.
- Hope — This virtue obliges us to trust in God.
- Charity — A theological virtue by which we love God above all things, and our neighbor as ourselves.
- Faith — This Divine gift, infused by the Holy Spirit, enables a person to believe firmly all that God has revealed.
- Almsgiving — Four of the corporal works of mercy are devoted to this Christian virtue of assisting one in need.
- Tithe — This is the contribution of a portion of one's income (originally 10%) for the purposes of religion and charity.
- Fidelity — This virtue entails unwavering loyalty and support to a person, institution, cause, or belief.
- Decalogue — This is another term to describe the Ten Commandments.
- Chastity — Adultery, fornication, sodomy, rape, contraception, and self-abuse are sins against this virtue.
- Restitution — This is the restoration of something stolen to its original owner, or recompense for injury or loss.